Foot problems are common in old age and usually result from long years of wear and tear, ill-fitting shoes, poor circulation to the feet, untrimmed toenails and sometimes diseases. You can help prevent foot problems by checking your feet regularly or having them checked by a member of the family and a foot hygiene specialist.
Common foot problems that occur with age are:
- Fungal infection
- Dry skin
- Ingrown toenails
- Sores and infections
Exposure to cold temperatures, pressure on the feet from shoes, long periods of sitting or resting, and smoking can reduce blood flow to the feet. On the other hand, elevating the feet, standing up and stretching, walking and other forms of exercise promote good circulation. Gentle massage and warm foot baths can also help increase blood flow to the feet. Following a routine to take care of your foot could be very beneficial. This may include:
- Cutting and filing toenails and keeping them at a comfortable length. If u cannot reach your toe nails ask for help.
- Smoothing and moisturising dry and rough skin regularly.
- Checking for cracks and breaks in the skin and inflammation such as blisters
- Looking for signs of infection like nail fungus or other obvious early problems, and seeking professional advice
- Wearing suitable socks and footwear
- Keeping feet clean, dry, mobile, comfortable and warm.
- Keeping blood sugar in a check
- Regularly expose the feet to sunlight.
Foot problems should not be ignored and be considered as a part of old age. Most foot problems can be treated with medication or surgeries and hence are not permanent.